Songs were important during the revolution and civil war for conveying political messages.
Demean Bedny was one of the most popular poets during the revolution and would later become a favorite of Stalin's (though Stalin gave him a tongue lashing in 1930 for one of his poems). The poem "Send Off: A Red Army Song" was written in 1918 and depicts a young soldier deciding to go off to war and fight for the Bolsheviks.
The poem was put to music in 1922. You can hear a version here:
The song--as you can perhaps tell from the music--was perky and decidedly PG, whereas the original poem was more like PG-13. The young soldier gets frustrated with his squeamish family who is trying to get him to stay and get married and finally tells them:
I am marching off now with
The Red Army,
Our deadly battle will be with
We will give a talking to
Priests and kulaks:
Our bayonets'll pierce the guts of
(See the von Geldern and Stites collection below for the whole poem.)
Check out this collection of some anti-bolshevik songs of the era.
This month Classical Theater Company is staging two one-act plays - The Bear and The Proposal - by the Russian master, Anton Chekhov. Tickets are cheap. Click here to find out details and Chekhov it out.
Posters played an important role during World War I, even before the outbreak of revolution in Russia in 1917. Along with newspapers and pamphlets, posters were an efficient means for governments to communicate--and persuade--their populations. This was true in Imperial Russia no less than elsewhere. The tsarist government used propaganda art to foster patriotism, dehumanize the enemy, and encourage support for the war effort.
There are a number of fantastic online sources of propaganda art during the First World War. The Harry Ransom Center at UT Austin has digitized hundreds of pieces of art, including many from World War I. Sort them by language and you will find a number of Russian posters at the end of the list. Depending on your topic, you might even find something that would be useful as an additional source for your research this semester.